What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?
This is a collection of symptoms resulting from a problem with reproductive hormones that can produce irregular periods, excessive hair growth or acne – or both – and infertility. It affects 1 in 10 Indian women of childbearing age. Women sometimes find that they suffer from it when it is difficult to get pregnant.
How do I know if I have PCOS?
Your symptoms may be indistinct or mimic symptoms of other conditions, so PCOS may go undiagnosed for some time. There is no single test for this, but an ultrasound and blood tests can help diagnose PCOS.
You must meet 2 of these 3 criteria to be diagnosed:
Irregular, heavy, or missed periods due to ovulation failure: the release of an egg from the ovaries. It also keeps you from getting pregnant.
Signs of higher than normal androgen levels, male hormones that women also have. They can cause unwanted hair growth, called hirsutism, on the face, especially on the upper lip and chin, back, chest, and other places where men typically grow hair. You may lose your hair or see it thinning. We can detect these androgens in blood tests.
Collections of 12 or more egg follicles or “cysts” on ovaries may be bigger than normal. The physician will use an ultrasound to check for cysts. (Women who do not have PCOS may also have cysts, but less than 12 do not meet the diagnostic criteria.)
What else could indicate that I have PCOS?
You might evolve acne on your face, chest, and upper back and gain weight, especially around your abdomen. You may notice dark skin in the armpit folds or on the neck.
What causes PCOS?
We don’t have an absolute cause for PCOS. Researchers believe genetics and environmental factors may play a role in PCOS. There is also a link between PCOS and obesity, and women with PCOS are more likely to be obese. Obesity Does Not Cause PCOS to worsen due to insulin resistance when high levels of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, are not used by the body.
How will a diagnosis of PCOS affect & how do we have to treat it?
Treatments may differ depending on the respective stage of your reproductive life & may include switching off your lifestyle or medications to help control symptoms.
In the lifestyle category, It is recommended that patients have to train themselves at least 30-40 minutes, 3-4 times a week, & stay active other days. It is also suggested to have a low-carb diet, as women with PCOS will not process carbs as easily as other women do. Too many refined carbohydrates such as sugars can lead to insulin resistance and weight gain.
We also have to make sure that one should have a regular period. Otherwise, the lining of the uterus may become thick or overgrow, and it could later turn into endometrial cancer. Having a regular period helps “thin” the coating.
It is very much important to control the symptoms, which is caused by male hormones because, even if they are cosmetic, they can affect the quality of life. This could mean prescribing hormonal contraception if you are not looking to start a family.
PCOS can make it difficult to get pregnant, so we give fertility medicine to help you.
What do I need to know in the future & Who is the best doctor for pcos treatment in india?
At all stages of PCOS, we are concerned about the possible future growth of heart disease, including hypertension, high cholesterol, & stroke, as well as type 2 diabetes. It helps patients maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating well. recommended exercise levels, as we said earlier. This helps to reduce the risk of heart disease & type 2 diabetes in the future.
When you have completed menopause, the hormones estrogen and testosterone naturally decrease, and therefore the symptoms of PCOS may enhance. Remember that at every stage of the disorder, even though we cannot heal it, we can control the symptoms. You have to consult the best doctor for pcos treatment in india. Shreyas maternity Home is one of the best hospitals for the treatment of PCOS and PCOD Treatment. Dr. Sudha Benakatti is the well known PCOD specialist doctor in Bangalore.